On September 11, 1973, Gen. Augusto Pinochet seized power in a U.S.-backed coup that deposed the democratically elected president, Salvador Allende, who committed suicide rather than surrender and led to 17 years of military rule.
Some 40,000 people suffered human rights abuses in Chile from 1973 to 1990. More than 3,000 were killed or forcibly disappeared, their bodies buried in unmarked graves or dumped at sea.
The first explorers to descend to the deepest part of the ocean were Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard in the bathyscaphe Trieste, January 23, 1960. 52 years later, James Cameron’s DEEPSEA CHALLENGER journeyed to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, nearly 7 miles below sea level. Photograph courtesy U.S Navy